Relationships are important concepts in presentation design. This page lists a few common slide designs.
The most basic relationship is a list: this item has a number of components. This is actually a legitimate way to use bullet points.
In SlideMagic it is easy to remove the middle column to get an even simpler concept: "this caused that". You can connect the explanation boxes as well with arrows
A chain reaction of multiple effects.
Use gravity in charts that show pressure, negative things push down, positive ones pull up.